What does Canada’s immigration application process really entail? How long does the process last? What do I need to qualify? If you’re interested in moving to Canada, these are the questions you might want to ask to prepare for an extraordinary trip that could lead to a new life in the Great North..
Canada receives thousands of immigration applications each year and has become one of the most sought-after immigration destinations. Ranked as the second best country in the world for quality such as job opportunities, high quality of life and multiculturalism, newcomers are flourishing in Canada. By 2023, the Canadian government plans to take in 1.23 million immigrants to the country. Find out what it takes to be one of these below!
7 important steps to emigrate to Canada
If you apply to emigrate to Canada and your application is successful, you will be issued a permanent residence visa (PR). This allows you to live and work in the country permanently. If you’re traveling outside of Canada, you’ll need to show your PUBLIC card and passport on your return. As a permanent resident, you will enjoy most social benefits, including public health coverage, and be protected by Canadian law. You can apply for citizenship after living in Canada for five years and receive a Canadian passport.
Step 1. Check if it’s not inadmissible in Canada
The first step in Canada’s immigration application process is to check if you are not inadmissible in Canada. If you are deemed inadmissible, you will not be allowed to come to Canada under Canadian Immigration Act. Reasons why you may be inadmissible include security, criminal, and medical reasons, among others.
Reasons why you might be inadmissible
- You’re a security risk
- You have a criminal record, including DUI
- You have health problems that can compromise public safety or cause excessive demand for social and health services
- If you are not or are not willing to financially support yourself and your family members
- If you misrepresent your immigration application
- If you have an unacceptable family member
Step 2. Find a Canadian immigration program that you qualify for
This could be the most challenging step in the immigration application process simply because Canada has more than 100 immigration programs and visas available. Each program comes with different eligibility criteria, application methods, processing times, and specific documents required.
- Eligibility assessments
Most successful applicants use the professional services of certified immigration consultants to help them find the right path to Canada. Immigration counselors use an in-depth assessment of eligibility to stratote an immigration plan based on their goals.
It’s good to note that even if you don’t qualify for a direct immigration program in Canada, your immigration advisor may find other alternatives for you. For example, if you need to gain Canadian work or educational experience to be eligible for an immigration program, a consultant might guide you to apply for a Canadian work or study permit instead.
- Canadian immigration programs, annual goals and processing time
How does Canada select immigrants? Well, most newcomers to Canada are economic immigrants who can fill skills and labor shortages in the country, as well as start business and create job opportunities for Canadians and permanent residents in a similar way. In 2021, Canada aims to accommodate 401,000 immigrants through economic categories in the table below.
Each category of immigration is associated with a number of immigration programs, for example, the provincial candidate program is administered by 11 provinces and territories in Canada and has more than 80 immigration programs
Step 3. Collect your immigration documents
What are immigration documents? These are forms, certificates and records used to support applications during the immigration application process in Canada. For example, if you claim to be in good health, you must include a medical examination certificate with the application.
Step 4. Give your biometrics to a center near you
You must provide your biometrics (fingerprints and photos) during the Canada immigration application process. If you previously provided your biometrics, you can check if they are still valid. The first step is to pay a biometric fee of $85 when you submit your application. You will then receive a letter confirming that you need to give your biometrics and tell you where you can go. Remember to make an appointment in advance.
Step 5. Fill in government forms
Unfortunately, there’s no escape from a boring admin when you’re applying for permanent residency in Canada. You need to fill out some pages of government forms associated with the immigration program. It is also very important to complete the modules accurately because something as small as a typo or accidentally omitting the information can cause the application to return. No one can escape the strict rules laid down by the Canadian Government.
So there’s a question about where to find the forms. They are available on the Canadian federal government website or provincial government websites. Fair warning, it might seem like you’re on a wild goose hunt. Government websites aren’t known to be extremely easy to use with clear guidance on where to find the forms you need or even what your form numbers are called. For example, the form to apply for permanent resident cards is called IMM 5444.
Step 6. Send your request to the right department
Finally, you can submit your request! When you need to apply depends on the permanent resident program for which you want to apply. Most immigration applications are processed in case centers in Nova Scotia, Canada. The only online-based immigration program is the express entry system
Step 7. Expect your results
The wait can be long, but it will definitely be worth it, especially if you can pack for Canada! It usually takes a few months to process some immigration applications. (See second step.) There has been a slight delay in Canada’s immigration application process due to the covid-19 pandemic, and processing times can take a little longer than usual. For this reason, it is a good idea to start your journey as soon as possible to overcome the avalanche of candidates.
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